Africa, Middle East
Mozambique, Palestinian Territory - Occupied
01 October 10
Pedro Tomo, BonifÃ¡cio Amanze and Sisenando Marcelino
In the Gaza and Inhambane provinces of Mozambique, drought is the most frequently occurring natural disaster, and it has the greatest impact on household food security. One of the main contributing factors to droughts and an ever-shortening drought cycle has been climate change.
Oxfam Australia commissioned a livelihoods study to help understand how people in the Gaza and Inhambane provinces have survived in the past and are coping in a changing environment. According to Carney (1998: 4), â€œa livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (including both material and social resources) and activities required for a means of living.â€ This study examined:
â€¢ what alternative livelihood practices are used in the selected interior, intermediate and coastal semi-arid zones of Gaza (Changanine, Chibuto-sede and Chongoene) and Inhambane (Funhalouro, Panda and Massinga);
â€¢ what risks threaten their use;
â€¢ what opportunities can be exploited within livelihood options; and
â€¢ which new livelihoods alternatives could be promoted for future use in the study areas.