Governance Leadership and Accountability
Australia & Pacific
MODULE 1 - PROGRAM DESIGN
WHY TRAINING FOR PROGRAM DESIGN?
Good program design is a core element of effective community development. When it is done with consideration of a community or group’s strengths, places people at the centre, focuses on behaviour change over time and is reviewed during MEAL processes, it provides a program team with a clear direction and rationale for the work they are doing.
WHAT ARE THE LEARNING OUTCOMES FOR THIS MODULE?
Individuals and organisations who use this material will:
• understand the importance of good program design
• understand participatory processes for developing a people-centred program design
• be able to facilitate their own program design process.
The information in the module draws on many different sources that Oxfam feels reflect best practice and align with their commitment to participatory, empowering processes for local organisations. It aligns with the Oxfam Common Approach to MEL and Social Accountability.
HOW IS THE MODULE STRUCTURED?
The module is structured in three sections:
• Section 1 What are the basics of good program design? explores why we need to develop good program designs, when they are developed and who should develop them. It also introduces the idea of using Theory of Change and Program Logic to develop your program design.
• Section 2 How do we develop a Program Logic? follows an 8-step process to design a program:
• Step 1: Identify current and future situations
• Step 2: Prioritise issues to address
• Step 3: Identify key target group/s and stakeholders
• Step 4: Develop your Theory of Change
• Step 5: Refine program outcomes
• Step 6: Develop program activities and outputs
• Step 7: Review your Program Logic
• Step 8: Document your Program Logic.
• Section 3 Tools, Templates & Resources provides relevant templates, definitions and resources related to program design and MEAL system development. It also includes an example training session plan that uses activities from this module.
Each section in the module relates to a key question about program design and provides details of each component, along with suggested activities you could do to work through in your team. There are tools and templates that can be used and adapted at the end of the module.