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External Evaluation for the Urban Poverty Programme Implemented by Oxfam India with Partner NGOs 

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Urban poverty
Women's participation




India, Vanuatu


August 2014


Sanjay Vijayvergiya, Neha Chaturvedi, Indu Prakash Singh, Anupam Chatterjee




Rapid urbanisation in India has seen the urban population reach 377 million, about 31.16% of the country’s total population, according to the 2011 census. Though cities contribute 62 percent of the country’s GDP, large number of urban population lives in slums and on the pavements in abysmal conditions. The Urban Poverty project aims to empower urban poor citizens to lead a dignified life and ensure space for urban poor in city planning and governance. Oxfam has been supporting discrete urban initiatives in major cities spread across Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Delhi. Oxfam India’s first five year strategy (2010-15) identifies Urban Poverty as an emerging theme and aspires to address this through a comprehensive urban poverty programme based on the lessons emerging from existing projects.

Evaluation methodology:

The evaluation used participatory methods including group discussions, individual interviews, and questionnaires

Key findings:

The community based organisations (CBOs) are emerging as informed, strong collectives that often raise their voices to secure legal identity and claim rights and entitlements under different state and National Government schemes and programmes. Women’s participation has been found to be strong, with 50 – 100% of them being women vendors and domestic workers involved in the project. The community has successfully secured their entitlements like ration card, election card, and permanent account number (PAN). Advocacy has emerged as one of the strongest aspects across all the projects. Partners have developed good rapport with Government departments and other civil society actors.

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